Home > Research Help > Plagiarism and Referencing

Plagiarism and Referencing Styles

Health Sciences Guides

ICMJE: Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals (sample references)

HSL guide to American Psychological Association (APA) 

HSL guide to UCT Author-Date

HSL guide to Vancouver


An important characteristic of academic writing is the acknowledgement of other writers’ words or creations through citing and referencing all sources of information used. Citing is the practice of quoting from, or referring to, other writers’ works and ideas  in the text of your work; referencing is the listing of the full details of the publications that you have cited so  that the reader can find the original sources. Citing and referencing have long been regarded as hallmarks of  good academic writing.

Referencing Styles

UCT Author-date


Chicago Footnotes




Reference management tools

The University of Cape Town subscribes to both EndNote and RefWorks, which are reference management tools used to store and organise references. UCT staff and students can access EndNote and RefWorks on campus and off-campus via EZProxy.

Plagiarism is the act of copying someone else's work and passing it off as your own. Together with the referencing resources listed above, this guide will help you avoid committing plagiarism. It includes the University's plagiarism declaration which students must include with any work they are submitting for assessment.

Download and attach the Plagiarism Declaration (or the Law Faculty Plagiarism Declaration) to your work.